Third Experience - Homework 10-11

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§ Some of the most sublime content and Latinity among the PATRES ECCLESIAE was occasioned By the 'Mysterium Incarnationis'. The arrival of Adventus et Natalis Domini give them a special chance to appear and YOU an opportunity to enjoy and appreciate the Latin you know.

A] Our giant thinker and writer, AVRELIVS AVGVSTINVS [354-430 post Chr.], talks about the time before the coming itself of the Savious in his Enarrationes in Psalmos:
+ "Tempus constituit Deus promissis suis et tempus eis quae promisit implendis*. Promissionum tempus erat tempore prophetarum usque ad Ioannem Baptistam; ab illo autem et deinceps usque ad finem tempus est implendi* quae promissa sunt. Fidelis Deus qui se nostrum debitorem fecit non aliquid a nobis accipiendo+ sed tanta nobis promittendo+... Tempus itaque prophetiae praedictio erat ut saepe iam diximus promissionum. Promisit salutem aeternam et beatam vitam cum angelis sine fine, et hereditatem immarcescibilem, gloriam sempiternam, dulcedinem vultus sui, domum sanctificationis suae in caelis, ex resurrectione a mortuis nullum deinceps moriendi metum" [In Ps.109,1].
VOCAB. *implendis=for fulfilling; implendi=of fulfilling. +accipiendo-promittendo=by receiving, by promising. moriendi=of dying. promissum,i-n.=promise. promissio,onis-f.=promise. propheta,ae-m.=prophet; prophetia,ae-f.=prophecy.

  1. In l. 2, what is the force of that "illo"? ________ its reversed: ________
    How would Augustine have said: 'from this man'? ________ 'from the man himself'?= ________
  2. What gender do you see in that: "eis quae promisit"? ________ therefore the full meaning for the 'eis' is going to be:
  3. Without spoiling the text with more questions you can taste every phrase of the pastor Augustine speaking 'ex tempore'!! to his priests, and remember Latin was his only language! Write it out:
  4. One question can be asked in retrospect: to what in the text and Latin does that 'quae' in l.3 refer?
  5. You may want to address the author himself:
    "Oh outstanding [egregius,a,um] Aurelius Augustinus, tell (dicere) us more such things, and lead (ducere) us to a deeper [altus,a,um] understanding [intellectus,us; intellgentia,ae] of these mysteries (arcanum, i-n.) themselves, out of which you will help [auxilior,ari] us ourselves (use the DAT.+auxilior) very much in our celebration (celebratio) of Advent and the birthday of Christ".
  6. Just for your practice, ADD the official-heavy Latin words for this and that to the words: promissionum: ________ + ________. propehtiae: ________ + ________. vultus: ________ + ________. salutem: ________ + ________. tempore: ________ + ________. tempus: ________ + ________. Ioannem: ________ + ________. angelis: ________ + ________.
B] In his fundamental work 'Proslogium', the great archbishop of Canterbury ANSELMUS [1033-1109] has a moving exhortation to us and invocation of God at the same time:
"Eia nunc, homuncio, fuge paululum occupationes tuas, absconde te modicum a tumultuosis cogitationibus tuis. Abice nunc onerosas curas, et postpone laboriosas distentiones tuas. Vaca aliquantulum Deo, et requiesce aliquantulum in eo. Intra in cubiculum mentis tuae; exclude omnia praeter Deum... Dic nunc, totum cor meum, dic nuno Deo: quaero vultum tuum; vultum tuum, Domine, requiro... Quid faciet, altissime Domine, quid faciet iste tuus longinquus exsul? Quid faciet servus tuus anxius amore tui, et longe proiectus a facie tua? Anhelat videre te, et nimis abest illi facies tua... Domine, Deus meus es, et Dominus meus es, et numquam te cidi. Et o tu, Domine, usquequo? Usquequo, Domine, oblivisceris nos, usquequo avertes faciem tuam a nobis? Quando respicies et exaudies nos? Quando illuminabis oculos nostros et ostendes nobis faciem tuam? quando restitues te nobis. Respice, Domine, exaudi illumina nos, ostende nobis te ipsum".
VOCAB. all those '--um' words at the beginning are adverbs. vaco,are+DAT.=to be free for. usquequo? how far, to what point, how long. exaudire=to hear graciously.
  1. If the general idea is 'that? why did Anselm say: "iste" in l.6 and not "ille"?
  2. From the Latin verb: "obliviscor,i,oblitus=to forget" [Gp.?____], you should be able to identify 2 possible verbs Times in Anselm's: "oblivisceris": which are they, how are they accented, and what is their reversed:=
    Here you should have not difficulty deciding the Time - for what reason?
  3. What is the difference in content and meaning between: 'anxius amore TUO'= ________ and 'anxius amore TUI' Subtle but very important!=
  4. What are all those: 'DominE' doing here? ________ their reversed:= ________
  5. If the verb: 'absum,abesse=to be missing,lacking', then in what form-case must that "illi" be? ________ because 'illi' can also function as: ________
  6. What is that "longe" in l.7? ________ its other degrees?= ________
  7. If the reversed of 'fuge...absconde...abice' is:= ________
    Then the reversed of 'iste' is ________. and of 'facie' is ________.
  8. How do you explain the: "dic" in the text? ________ what other Latin verbs have the same nature-phenomenon today? ________ and their reversed is: ________
  9. What are the other degrees of that "altissime" [l.6] as used in the text?
  10. I can hear two possible English language versions for that "te ipsum":
  11. You should experience a special pleasure and satisfaction in being able to write out accurately and faithfully such marvelous sentiments expressed so gorgeously:

Third Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster

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