Lesson 16: Relative Pronouns
Learning how to recognize and use the relative pronoun qui, quae, quod
Instructions: spend no more than 2-3 minutes memorizing the relative pronouns listed for each gender and number (for now, one can just study the subjects and the objects will come later).
- The relative pronoun is translated as who, whom, which, that (or what) depending on its use and to whom/what it refers.
- The relative proun refers to a noun which comes before it in the sentence, called the antecedent.
- In Latin, the relative pronoun has gender (masculine, feminine, or neuter), number (singual or plural), and person (1st, 2nd, or 3rd) which comes from the antecedent (come from outside).
- It takes its function (subject or object) seperately by how it is used in the clause (comes from inside).
Now go on to Homework 12
- Notice there are some similar patters to block one nouns.
E.g. The neuter subject and object are always the same.
- Notice that many relative pronouns are the same, e.g. quae has many different uses, including 3 different subjects.
- The person (I - 1st, you - 2nd, or he - 3rd) isn't as important now, will only matter when the relative pronoun acts as the subject.
- Like in other languages, the relative pronoun and its phrase can't stand alone.
First Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster
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