Experience III, Lesson 7: Vocative Case

Learning a new noun function in Latin

The Vocative Case is used in addressing someone (direct address)
- to call on someone - from "voco, vocare" = "to call"

Vocatives form practically identical to the subject (nominative case) with 3 exceptions
  1. Masculine Singular Nouns and Adjectives of Block I (-us, -i)
    The vocative singular is '-e' [short e]
  2. Proper names ending in '-ius', e.g. Claudius, Innocentius
    The vocative singular is '-i' [drop the 'us'], e.g. Claudi, Innocenti
  3. 3 exceptions: "filius" -> "fili", "meus" -> "mi", "deus" -> "deus"
All others, and all plurals, form the vocative by using the nominative.


Now go on to Lesson 8

Then complete Homework 7

Third Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster

Return to Index