Experience III, Lesson 28: Ablative Absolute continued
More principles of the Ablative Absolute
- Why is it called "absolute"?
- The 'subject' of the ablative absolute is not the subject, object or indirect object (dative: to/for) of the main sentence
- It stands alone and doesn't get mixed up.
ablative absolute: The books having been sold, the money was stolen.
as an object: I bought the books having been sold
- How does one translate the ablative absolute?
- Do not translate the ablative absolute using 'by / with / from' - such could signify accompaniment or instrumentality - then it wouldn't be absolute.
- Notice the Ablative Absolute in the sentence
- Keep in mind its literal translation (natural meaning)
- Smooth it out (see the Last lesson)
Literal: she singing, much money disappeared
Smooth: if she was singing, much money disappeared
when she was singing, much money disappeared
because she was singing, much money disappeared
Note: the difference between an ablative absolute and an ablative of agent is sometimes thin
Recall: the ablative of agent requires a or ab for a personal agent
Now go on to Homework 28-29, Homework 30, and Homework 31
Third Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster
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