Third Experience - Homework 7

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§ When Cyprianvs [III-E] is writing to some of his friends in Epistula 48 + 2 + 60, what form of address do you find in the first line[s] of each letter? ________ In general, that form is the same as: ________ and what is the reversed of it?= ________

§ How did IVLIVS CAPITOLINVS say about Marcus Aurelius [III-C]: "he held the state alone much better and more fertile for virtues" ??=
- How will you add: 'more fertile than he was'?
- How would you say 'he was holding the state the best man and most fertile for virtue'

§ When SENECA writes to his friend in letter 16 [III-A] and says: "Tibi, Lucili, scio" you must know that the man's given-baptismal name is: ________ and that this is what form-case? ________ What does "lucilII" mean? ________ reversed of both= ________

§ Rome's first genuine and outstanding historians GAIVS SALLVSTIVS CRISPVS [86-35 ante Chr.], writes about the vocation of the historian at the beginning of his 'Bellum Catilinae': the so-called conspiracy of Catiline against the state in 63 ante Chr., when Cicero was consul.
+ "Pulchrum est bene facere rei publicae; vel pace vel bello clarum fieri licet. Et qui fecere et qui facta aliorum scripsere multi laudantur. Ac mihi quidem, tametsi haudquaquam par gloria sequitur scriptorem et actorem rerum, tamen in primis arduum videtur res gestas scribere..." [Bellum Catilinae III,1-2].
VOCAB. pace...bello: here indicate time: in-at. clarus,a,um=famous. actor,oris-m.=doer,realizer. tametsi=even though. liceo,ere=to be allowed,to be possible.

  1. The expression "res gestas" is very common in all writers. What does 'gestus,a,um' mean from "gero,ere=to administer,do,accomplish"? ________ and for sure you will find the combination in your DICT. under 'gero' meaning:=
  2. What does 'pulchrum' mean alone here? ________ if it comes from "pulcher,cra,crum", then what are the other degrees of the same form as used here?
  3. The expression 'in primis' is also found in your DICT. under "primus" where it must mean: ________ and can also be found written:= ________
  4. From your 1st Experience, you can point out the antecedent of the two 'quis' in l.2:
  5. What is the essential difference in Latin (cause for much confusion and error!!) between: "quidAm"= ________ and "quidEm"= ________
  6. What is 'bene' in the Latin language? ________ what are its other 'degrees'?= ________
  7. When you see in two lines of Sallustius: 'fAcere'...'fEcere', what should you NOT be thinking? ________ If the verb is: 'facio,facere,feci,factum=to do', then what is the exact meaning and difference between: "fecere"= ________ and "facere"= ________
    For your own education you can go back and mark the accents of those two words!!!!
  8. From your 1st Exper. what is the reversed of 'rerum'? ________ 'res gestas'? ________ 'rei publicae'? ________
  9. You learned two meanings for the Latin form: "scribere"=
    How what is this strange form: 'scripsere' [cf. principal parts]?=
    Mark its accent and give us its reversed:
  10. Put all that together and give your own professional version of Sallustius:
  11. You can also put into your best Latin this quote of PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY [1792-1822]:
    "Most wretched men are cradled into poetry by wrong: they learn in suffering what they teach in song" [Julian and Maddalo: 1818].
    VOCAB. cradle:=lenocinare. poetry: poesis or poetica,ae-f. wrong: malum,i-n. suffering: dolor,patientia. song: carmen,minis-n. learn-teach: cf. memory or DICT.
    1. When you say in English: 'what', you are really saying: "that which" - and that is going to be rendered in Latin how?
    2. 'most wretched men' is ambiguous because it can mean "the most wretched men" which in Latin (coming from: 'miser,era,erum') will have to be:=
      Or 'wretched men - most, the majority': using the Latin word in DICT. 'plerusque'.
+ (Sallustius describes the end of Catilina in a fight out near Pistoia in north Italy):
"Catilina vero longe a suis inter hostium cadavera repertus est, paululum etiam spirans ferociamque animi, quam habuerat vivus in vultu retinens" [LXI, 4].
VOCAB. spirans---retinens: (soon to come in class) breathing---keeping.
  1. From the adjective: 'longus,a,um: long,far,distant', what is "longe"? [you can find that form in your DICT.] ________ its other degrees:=
  2. The word 'vero' is also found in Your DICT. with a special meaning [5th place?] which has little to do with 'true,truth': ==
  3. What Time is "repertus est"? ________. Give the other indicative Times with the same subject and the same meaning:=
  4. Our exposure to the reflexive should give you some thoughts about: 'a suis'. It must mean:= ________ and in all probability is Masc., therefore= ________
  5. There is a language problem here which you can-must resolve:
    1. If you take 'a suis...repertus est' it must mean:=
    2. If you take 'lone a suis...repertus est' it must mean:=
  6. If the reversed of: 'vivus' is ________, then the reversed of 'vultu' must be:= ________
  7. Give your own personal version of the Latin of Sallustius:
  8. You can conclude in perfect Latin yourself: "You greatest woman [cf. magnus] were not being found among the lesser women, because [quoniam] you had done more works [cf. multus] than the lesser women in the best-possible-way [USE: bonus---adverb]"

Third Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster

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