Third Experience - Homework 4

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§ A continual source or pleasant and exemplary Latin can be found in the 10 books of literary polished letters of the Roman orator and lawyer, born up North in Como, and later governor of the Roman province or Bithynia [Turkey] GAIVS PLINIVS CAECILIVS SECVNDVS: 61-113 post Chr.

A] He writes to the equally noted Roman historian: Tacitus, about some literary criticism
"Librum tuum legi et, quam dilicentissime potui, adnotavi quae commutanda quae eximenda arbitrarer*. Nam et ego verum dicere adsuevi et tu libenter audire. Neque enim ulli patientius reprehenduntur quam qui maxime laudari merentur. Nunc a te librum meum cum adnotationibus tuis exspecto" [Lib.VII,20,1-2].
VOCAB. commutandus,a,um + eximendus,a,um [soon in class]=needing to be changed, needing to be taken-out. Take "arbitrarer" here (in SUBJUNCTIVE) as simply arbitrabar [arbitrari=to judge,think]. verum,i-n.=the truth. ullus,a,um=any,anyone. laudari=to be praised. adnotare=to mark,check-off.

  1. If "legi" is a Latin verb, then it must mean:= ________ if a noun it means:= ________
  2. From the verb: 'adsuesco,ere---', what is that "adsuevi" going to have to mean?
  3. If "reprehendere=to criticize,scold,chastise", then the form here must mean: ________ BUT if it is "mereor,mereri,meritus=to then the form here must mean: ________ Why is this so? ________ Give the T.3 for those same two verbs, and what do you notice happening in the vowels?
  4. The special meaning of the 'et' in l.3=
  5. Give several correct versions for the Latin: "A TE" =
  6. If the Latin adjective is: 'libens,libentis (cf.DICT)=willing,ready,prompt' then 'libenter' must mean:= ________ and its other two "degrees" will be= ________
    N.B. I personally have a life long war to get people NOT to translate that word as 'freely'. You will not find 'freely' in your DICT.! from the Latin adjective: 'liber,era,erum=free', how do we say correctly in Latin "freely"? ________.
  7. In Class n.5 you hopefully will learn the various difficult usages of the Latin word "quam" (also illustrated here): 'quam'+diligentissime, [where 'diligentissime' is what in the language?= ________]; but 'patientius...quam', [where "patientius" - from 'patiens,patientis=patient,tolerant,gentle', must be= ________] ARE going to produce two very different expressions. Give them in order:
  8. If in your DOMESTICVS LVDVS-1, the particle 'cum' had to be removed from many sheets as an interpretation of 'with great diligence', WHY-HOW did Plinius succeed in using "cum" here? Explain from last-this year:
  9. The Latin word: 'maxime' will probably appear in class n.5 on a special sheet meaning= ________ what are the other 'degrees' of the same word? Careful
  10. What are the two different uses which the Latin language found for the form: "patientius' EXPLAIN=
  11. Give your own smooth version of Plinius' smooth Latin written to smooth Tacitus:
  12. Put into proper Latin the words of DAVID HUME (scottish philosopher): 1711-1776.
    "Money is none of the wheels of trade: it is the oil which renders the motion of the wheels more smooth and easy" [Essays: 1741-2].
    VOCAB. money: pecunia,ae-f. none=nullus,a,um. wheel: rota,ae-f. trade: percatura,ae-f. oil=oleum,i-n. render=reddo,ere. motion: motus,us; motio,onis. smooth=levis,e. easy=facilis,e.:both adjectives used correctly in form+case!!!

B] Plinius has a delightful description of some water games and contests, where the children especially stand out.
"Omnis hic* aetas piscandi+ navigandi+ atque etiam natandi+ studio tenetur, maxime pueri quos otium lususque sollicitat. His§ gloria et virtus = altissime provehi% : victor ille qui longissime (ut litus ita simul natantes) reliquit. Hoc certamine puer quidam** audentior ceteris$ in ulteriora tendebat. Delphinus occurrit..." [Lib.IX,33,3-4].
VOCAB. hic*=here. +piscandi-navigandi-nafandi: of fishing, of sailing, of swimming. sollicitare=stimulate,excite. studium,i-n.=interest,zeal,desire. otium=leisure. his§=for these-children. provehi%=to be carried,advanced. ille=that-man,boy. ut...ita=just also. natans,natantis=one-swimming. hoc:abl. 'this'. certamen=contest. quidam**=a certain (M.sing.). ceteris$=than to others,the rest. tendere=to head. occurrit=to meet,come up.

  1. In Latin what is the Time difference between: reliquit ________ and relinquit ________
  2. What is the VOCAB. distinction between: 'aestas'= ________ and 'aetas'= ________
  3. What are the forms: "longissime" and "altissime" going to mean in TWO different English vernacular versions:
  4. If the adjective is: "audens,audentis=bold,daring", then what gender do you see in that form: 'audentior'? ________ What is its reversed?= ________
    Of the same form give: 'we praise the bolder-one'= ________
    'the zeal of the bolder ones'=
  5. Your DICT. will give you the form already made: "ulterior,ius"=further. Then what gender-number do you see in Plinius' "ulteriora"?=
  6. Some other day we may finish the adventure of the 'puer+delphinus' in Plinius, now you can give your own correct version of the beginning of the account:
  7. What is the reversed of that 'lusus'? ________ of 'ulteriora'? ________ 'certamine'? ________ 'omnis... aetas'? ________

Third Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster

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