Lesson 22: Block 2 Adjectives
Learning how to use Block 2 adjectives
Recall from Lesson 7 how Block I adjectives are always listed in the Dictionary with 3 endings: -us, -a, -um; which correspond to the maculine, feminine, and signular subject form.
Block 2 nouns, when listed in the dictionary will have one of 3 possible forms (look these up to see how they are listed in your Dictionary:
Go here to see a list of Block II adjectives you will be learning.
- 3 endings:
- celer, celeris, celere - swift, fast
- pedester, pedestris, pedestre - on foot
- These are the maculine, feminine, and signular subject form, respectively.
- 2 endings:
- dulcis, dulce - sweet
- grandis, grande - large, great
- The first is both maculine and feminine, the second is the neuter subject form.
- 1 ending:
- audax (audacis) - bold, courageous
- potens (potentis) - powerful, strong
- The subject form is the same for masculine, feminine, and neuter (the second part just indicates that it is a Block II adjective).
Masculine and feminine adjectives of Block 2 (that is, those modifying masculine and femimine nouns) will follow the same endings as Block 2 nouns learned in Lesson 20:
|Masculine and Feminine
Neuter adjectives reverse the plural endings that were used for the nouns:
[-a 20% of time]
[-a 20% of time]
Now go on to do Homework 20
"This will burn you to a crisp; unless you take charge." - Fr. Foster
- Like the nouns, the adjectives must be formed by changing the -is ending one cannot work with the irregular subject form. Thus the reversed of audax (a brave man) is audaces (brave men).
- Adjectives must still agree with the noun they modofy. A sweet rose (nominative feminine) is "rosa dulcis"
- Adjectives can be used as nouns: if "memorabilis, memorabile" is an adjective (2 endings) meaning memorable, a memorable thing is "memorabile" and memorable things are "memorabilia"
- Remember that endings of plural, neuter Block II adjectives are reversed from the nouns: sweet hearts are "corda dolcia"
- The first kind of adjective (with 3 forms) is rare, the second (2 form) is the most common.
First Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster
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