Lesson 13: Verb in the Dictionary
Learning the 4 Principal parts of Verbs
In your dictionary, most verbs list 4 principal parts. All 4 are needed to construct the whole verb (all 6 times).
Instructions: spend no more than 2-3 minutes memorizing what each part of the verb means. Don't worry about any of the technical grammar stuff. Then do Homework 8.
|4 Principal Parts - Technical Grammar
|I see, I am seeing, I do see||to see|
|I have seen, I have been seeing|
I did see, I saw
|having been seen
|tango||tangere||tetigi||tactus, a, um
|I touch, I do touch, I am touching||to touch|
|I have touched, I have been touching|
I did touch, I touched
|having been touched
|I sing, I am singing, I do sing||to sing|
|I have sung, I have been singing|
I did sing, I sang
|having been sung
"Latin is glorious... if you're smart." - Fr. Foster
- The second part, often called the infinitive, often may translate better as the gerund: "videre equum" = "to see the horse" or "seeing the horse" - your choice.
- The fourth part may be listed in your dictionary only as "visum", not "visus,a,um". Even though the editors wanted to save paper and not give all three parts, you will be smart enough to know what the dictionary really means. Notice how this part can function as a block 1 adjective.
- What if they don't list all 4 parts in my dictionary?
- 1. Some verbs don't have all the parts. Two examples with no 4th part:
timeo, timere, timui - to fear; dego, degere, degi - to live
- 2. Some parts are just presumed, that you should (have to) know.
e.g. many of the "-are" verbs are regular, following the pattern of: "laudo, laudare" -> laudavi, laudatus - to praise
First Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster
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