These prepositions take the object function, the same as we have already learned as the direct object of a verb (above).
Prepositions are unchangeable, and if using a "prep. with acc." the nouns (and any modifying adjectives) that follow take the object function.
|ad||towards, to; according to|
|ante||before, in front of|
|apud||at, near, around, among, with; at house of, in works of|
|circa, circum, circiter||around, near|
|cis, citra||on this side of, short of|
|erga||towards (*beware: not "ergo" = therefore)|
|infra||below (e.g. infrared)|
|juxta||beside, next to, according to (*later meaning)|
|ob||in front of, because of (e.g. obvious - ob via = in your path)|
|penes||in the possesion of|
|per||through, over, by, with help of (*beware: not italian)|
|praeter||beyond, outside of|
|propter||because of (near)|
|secundum||according to (*beware secundus -a -um = second)|
|usque||up to, continually|
Instructions Begin memorizing the list of Prepositions. Then do Homework 5
Why does your dictionary say "Accusative" for the "Object Function"? Latin has 7 different functions, and most latin textbooks have special names for each of them. These do not need to be learned but if you are curious:
|Ablative||Object of Preposition (By, With, From, In)|
|Dative||Indirect Object (To, For)|
Note: the last 2 are rare and only learned by the very advanced student. The 5 cases are usually listed in textbooks in this order: Nominative, Genitive, Dative, Accusative, Ablative.
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