Homework 20

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§ You can put into your best Latin in anticipation of next year's Christmas these sublime verses of JOHN MILTON, English poet, [1608-1674] written for christmas morning 1645:
"Ring-out, ye crystal spheres; once bless our human ears (if ye have-power to touch our senses so) and let your silver chime move in melodious time" [stanza 13].
VOCAB. ring-out: resono,are. sphere: orbis,is-m. crystal: perlucidus,a,um. bless: recreo,are. ear: auris,is-f. have-power: valeo,ere. sense-here use: mens,mentis-f. chime: sonitus. silver: argenteus,a,um. 'in'-say: through. melodious: musicus,a,um or numerosus,a,um. time: tempus,temporis-n.
N.B. you should see 'command-imperative' forms in L.1. The phrase "let chime move" can be expressed with a certain command-imperative form given in class from the verb: movere.

§ For the first time this year, one of the earliest 'fathers of the church' but certainly the smoothest-sweetest and most attractive: CAECILIANVS CYPRIANVS [200-258 post Chr.], bishop of Carthage in North Africa.
A] (from his immortal - the first in christian literature - commentary on the "Pater Noster')
"Et ideo panem nostrum id est Christum, dari* nobis* cotidie petimus ut qui in Christo manemus et vivimus a sanctificatione eius et corpore non recedamus" [n.18].
VOCAB. *dari nobis*=to be given to us. a sanct. eius et cor.=from his sanctification and body. ut...non=that not, lest, in order that not.

  1. In what other way will-do you find the Latin expression here: "id est" written ________ meaning:
  2. The main verb here is: _______. if that 'ut' has its meaning from the VOCAB., then according to your Latin training the verbs with the "qui" in L.1 must be:= ________ WHY? (because of---)
    That leaves you with the verb for 'ut' as ________, AND also tells you that the antecedent of that 'qui' will be expressed in Latin: ________, and will function here as: ________. WHICH 'relative pronoun' principles do you see confirmed here by Cyprianus?=
  3. If the word in your DICT. is 'panis,is-m.=bread' then you see what function here? ________ and you also see that the combination in L.1 in its reversed form will have to be: ________
  4. Now you can render Cyprian's glorious sentence into your own vernacular:
  5. By the way: what does your DICT. tell you about the Latin noun: "verna,ae-c."?= ________ and close by what do you learn as the meaning for 'vernaculus,a,um'? ________. what else do you need in life besides Latin?
  6. ADD a short phrase of your own with Cyprian's words: 'Seek ye (peto,ere...)! fresh [recens, (recentis)] bread so that ye-women who are remaining and living among us and other [alius,alia] citizens [civis,is-c.] may not depart-recede (cr. text) from the body because-of extreme [extremus,a,um] hunger [fames,is-f.]":=

B] (in another noted work on the dress of virgins: 'De habitu virginum' he says):
"Servate - virgines - servate quod esse coepistis, servate quod eritis. Magna vos merces habet, praemium grande virtutis*, munus maximum castitatis* ../.. Quod futuri sumus, iam vos esse coepistis. Vos resurrectionis* gloriam +in isto saeculo+ iam tenetis; per saeculum §sine saeculi contagione§ transitis" [n.22]
VOCAB. virtutis*-castitatis*-resurrectionis:=of... futurus,a,um=about to be. +in isto saeculo+=in that bad-world. §sine saec. contag.§=without the contagion-infection of the world.

  1. If your defective-verb in the DICT. is "coepi=I have begun" [t.4] then the reversed of the forms you see in L.1 and L.3, must be: ________, meaning:
  2. IF the word in your DICT. is "merx,mercis-f.=ware,goods,merchandise", then what must 'merces' mean from that word? ________ functioning how?
    IF the word in your DICT. is "merces,mercedis-f.=reward,payment", then the form 'merces' must be what in the Latin language?
    [p.s. try this at the entrance to the 'Gregoriana' or 'San Pietro' and see!!]]
  3. Where do you find 'virgines' in your DICT.?= ________ and if you look closely you can also give the reversed of that "munus" [80%]:= ________ and the reversed of that 'merces'= ________
  4. When you know the word: "servo,servare,sevavi,servatum=to keep,preserve,maintain", then the forms of that verb in L.1 must function as:= ________, their reversed: ________ from super-adult Latinists: what will-would be the alternative [B] form for them?:
  5. Another super-Latin question: if 'virgines' is FEM. and the subjects of all the verbs in L.1 must refer to them then you better be ready to explain what that 'quod' is doing here: its gender ________, number ________, and then ANTECEDENT: ________, and then that antecedent is functioning as what in the first line: [I want a full explanation and not garbage-trash,----].
  6. Give the exact meaning for: 'servatus,a,um'=________, 'servato'=________, 'servate'=________.
  7. If the subject of 'sumus' in L.3 is what group of people in this world? ________, then what is that 'quod' referring to? ________, what is its antecedent? ________, what function does that antecedent have in the whole sentence?? [I do not accept trash!]
  8. If you got the reversed of: 'coepistis' correct above, you can tell us also the reversed of 'tranitis'= ________ and 'tenetis'= ________.
  9. Now you can give our best version of the tight Latin of Cyprian [NO NONSENSE-CONFUSION!]

First Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster

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