Homework 19

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§ As we take up our Latin studies again in the second semester, we turn to the author of an immortal adventure story written at the time of Nero [54-68 post Chr.], by the name of 'Satyricon' (still celebrated in Rome by the name of restaurants-movies) which means a "mixture-platter of various things: prose,poetry". the author is GAIVS PETRONIVS ARBITER who was commanded by Nero to kill himself. His story is a monument of daily-living Latin. A] (in the middle of a famous dinner given by Trimalchio on his birthday):
"Puer calicem proiecit, ad quem respiciens* Trimalchio: 'cito' inquit 'te ipsum caede, quia nugax es' ../.. et 'aquam foras vinum intro' clamavit. Excipimus urbanitatem iocantis+, et ante omnes Agamemnon, qui sciebat quibus meritis§ revocaretur ad cenam. Ceterum laudatus Trimalchio hilarius% bibit et iam +ebrio proximus: 'nemo' inquit 'vestrum& rogat Fortunatam meam ut saltet? Credite mihi: cordacem nemo melius ducit'. Atque ipse (erectis supra frontem manibus) Syrum histrionem exhibebat" [n.52].
VOCABVLA respiciens=looking-back. +iocantis=of-the-one-making-jokes. quibus meritis=by which merits. hilarius=more joyfully. +ebrio=to a drunken-person. &vestrum=of ye. ut=that, so that: with subjunctive: '---may...' cordax,cordacis=a rude greek, cancan dance. melius=better, in a better way. erectis---manibus=the hands having been put up.
  1. If the verb is: 'laudo,are...' then "laudatus" in L.4 alone means:=
  2. If the verb is "credo,credere,credidi,creditum=to trust,entrust,BELIEVE", then your recent Latin training tells you that: 'credite' in L.5 must function as what in Latin? ________ and its reversed will be:= ________ and as super Latin students you can also give the alternative form of that verb with much the same force-meaning:
  3. When you see such Latin words like: "urbanitatEM" - "histrionEM" -"frontEM" - "calicEM" what function do you also register in your Latin brain?
    If you want-ought to find the exact meaning of these words, what is the dictionary problem involved? explain=
    So how are those four words found in your DICT. in order?
    And their reversed form will have to be as used here?
  4. What different English meaning are you going to attach to the similar Latin forms here: 'ad QUEM'= ________ 'QVIA'= ________ 'QVI'= ________
  5. If the verb is: "caedo,caedere,cecidi,caesum=to strike,beat,whip", then considering the "one letter" factor in the Latin language, give us the exact meaning for these forms: a) 'caedO'= ________ [reversed: ________]. b)'caedE'= ________ [reversed: ________]. c) 'cecidI'= ________ [reversed: ________].
  6. If the verb Times here are: 'es' ________, 'sciebat' _________, 'ducit' ________, 'Excipimus' __________, 'proiecit' __________ 'rogat' ________:
    Then give the exact meaning for: 'proicit'= ________, 'excepimus'= ________, 'duxit'= ________, 'rogabat'= ________, 'clamabit'= ________.
  7. Your DICT. is going to give you a problem-doubt in the form: "BIBIT": why?
  8. If "Fortunata" is Trimalchio's wife, if 'revocaretur' means=he was being recalled, if the 'ipse-ipsum'=himself,yourself,etc. YOU can render the very living Latin text of 1940 years ago perfectly if you read-think-analyze!!!
  9. By the way: for your future Latin vocabulary, you can consider that 'frontem' in L.6 and tell your students the difference between: "fons,fontis"= ________, and "frons,frontis"= ________, and "frons,frondis"= ________.
  10. +Then put into your best Latin the epitaph which H.G.Wells [1866-1946] English novel suggested for himself in 1939: "God damn* you all: I told you so".
    VOCABVLA so=sic,ita. tell=dico,ere. you:here=vobis. N.B. 'damn'=damno,are:here used in the only imperative-command form you have learned. all=the plural of 'omnis,e' soon to come in class.
    +Then you can also put into perfect Latin the last saying of Simonides, as reported by HERODOTVS [485-425 ante Chr.]: "Go! tell the Spartans - thou who passest by (that) here obedient to their laws we lie". (N.B. 300 Spartans killed at Thermopylae in 480 ante Chr.)
    VOCABVLA go=ire. tell=inform:doceo,ere. Spartan=Lacaedemonius,i-m. pass by=transire. to:here=toward (in several Latin prepositions). their='eorum'--[soon in class]. lie=iaceo,iacere. obedient=oboediens (oboedientis); BL. ii). put the two commands in the normal command-imperative forms.

B] (one of the participants in the dinner party reports his experience):
"lam ego etiam tot malis* fatigatus minimum quidem gustum hauseram somni*; idem et tota intra forisque familia fecerat, Atque alii circa pedes discumbentium** sparsi iacebant, alii parietibus** appliciti quidam in ipso limine coniunctis manebant capitibus" [n.22].
VOCABVLA tot malis*=with-by so many troubles-evils. somni*=of sleep. idem=the same, thus. familia=servants-group, *discumbentium=of the-ones-lying-around. parietibus=to the walls. coniunctis...capitibus=heads having been joined. quidam=certain-people. in limine=on the threshold.

  1. From the verbs you know or can find in the DICT. the forms here: "fatigatus" - "sparsi" - "appliciti" must mean all alone in their verb forms:=
  2. Your DICT. may-must give you the special meaning for the: "alii...alii combination from: 'alius...alius':=
  3. Identify the Times: 'fecerat' ________, 'manebant ________, 'hauseram' ________.
  4. Your own version of the living life-description:=

First Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster

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