Homework 14

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$ In the year 40 ante Chr. Rome's poet laureate: PVBLIVS VERGILIVS MARO [70-19 ante Chr.], among his pastoral-bucolica-Eclogae poems produced an extraordinary, unearthly, unexplainable poem about the 'golden age' and the coming of a great leader-Saviour for Rome and the world which early Christians thought divinely inspired as it mirrors so many biblical passages about the "messiah", even though Virgil did not know the bible. Here are some verses as your so-called 'pagan' preparation for Christmas.

A] "Ultima Cumaei venit carminis aetas; magnus ab integro saeclorum nascitur ordo. iam redit et virgo, redeunt Saturnia regna, iam nova progenies caelo demittitur alto. ... ferrea primum desinet ac toto surget gens aurea mundo" [Ecl. IV,4-9]
VOCAB. Cumaei...carminis=of the song of the sybil of Cuma, as a prophetess. virgo (cf. constellation!) the goddess of justice who had fled the wicked earth. Saturnius,a,um= Saturnian, of the time of Saturn the father of the gods when there was the original golden age before original sin, etc. caelo...alto=from high heaven; toto...mundo=in the whole world. saeclorum=OF centuries. demittitur=is sent; nascitur=is born.

  1. If the words here, belonging to a new group of nouns to be learned in January are found in the DICT. 'aetas=age', 'ordo=series,order', 'progenies=offspring', 'gens=people,nation': then they must function as what in the quote above? ________ You can also observe and give us the adjective which Virgil attaches to the nouns: 'ordo+________'; 'gens+_________' 'aetas+_________'; 'progenies+________'.
  2. If the verbs are: "desino,ere=to cease,stop,end" and "surgo,ere=to arise" then they must belong to verb Group num. ________, and that will allow you to identify the verb Time in 'surget'________; and the Time in 'desinet'________. with your finger still in the DICT. you can give the Time for: "desiit"_________; "surgit"__________.
    And then you can correctly give the 'ego' forms for those same four verbs in order:
  3. If you study your DICT. carefully under the word: "venio,venire,veni,ventum=to come" which belongs to Gp.________. and the DICT. marking will tell you that: 'venit' with a long 'E' is Time________. and its reversed is ________ and that 'venit' with a short 'e' is Time________. and its reversed:
  4. The somewhat irregular verb is: 'redeo [redio],redire,redii,reditum=to return', then the verbs in L.3 of the quote must be in Time________.
  5. If "ab integro =from the start,from zero" then you can put all that together and be a Virgilian expert-scholar after 14 Latin classes with your flawless version:
  6. Make an elegant comment: "According-to the Virgilian (Vergilianus,a,um) verses [versiculus,i-m.] the Romans were awaiting [exspecto,are] around the fortieth (quadragesimus,a,um) year before Jesus having-been-born [natus,a,um] a new and golden century (saeculum,i-n.) after* internal (intestinus,a,um) wars had ravaged (use: divexo,are,avi,atum and destruo,ere,destruxi,destructum) whole (totus,a,um) Rome and Italy 100 (=centum) years (=object form)": [n.b. *after= postquam + an indicative verb]

B] ((some signs of the messianic age. cf. Book of Isaias in Bible Old Testament!!!))

"ipsae lacte domum referent distenta capellae ubera nec magnos metuent armenta leones ipsa tibi* blandos fundent cunabula flores. occidet et serpens et fallax herba veneni occidet... molli paulatim flavescet campus arista et durae quercus sudabunt roscida mella" [IV,22-30]
VOCAB. capella,ae-f.=she-goat. domum=back home. ipsa,ipsae=themselves. tibi*=for-to you [he is addressing the newborn child. veneni=of poison. lacte=with milk. molli....arista=with soft tuft of grain. durae quercus= tough oak-trees (

  1. The Latin words here: 'armenta=cattle; ubera=udders; cunabula=cradles; mella=bit-of-honey' are all neuter and therefore can function as what in the Latin language? ________ here you will see both come into action.
  2. If the verb is: "sudare=to sweat,exude", then what t. must you see immediately in the verse of Virgil? ________ its reversed? ________ its subject here ________ and object ________. the other five Times with the same subject:=
  3. If according to the little VOCAB. 'molli' connects with 'arista', then you can point out the other noun+adjective connections for your Latin education. observe and read: 'ipsae'+________. 'roscida'+________. 'magnos'+________. 'blandos'+________. 'distenta'+________. 'ipsa'+________. [n.b. "blandus,a,um=flattering,attractive"; "distentus,a,um=stretched,swollen"; "roscidus,a,um=dewy, covered with dew].
  4. Your DICT. is going to give you two distinct verbs: "occido,ere=to kill" and "occido,ere=to fall,collapse". yes or no? ________ to which verb Group do they belong? ______ and which is used by Virgil twice here? ________ in what Time? ________ give the subject of the first ________; the subject of the second ________.
  5. All the other verbs here: 'refero,referre=to bring back', Gp. ________ 'metuo,ere=to fear', Gp. ________; 'fundo,ere=to pour-out', Gp. ______; 'flavesco,ere=to turn yellow', Gp. ________ will have to be in Time ________. give the form for t.2 of those 4 verbs with the same subj. as in the text:=
  6. Check one or two words in your DICT. and give your own professional Virgilian story about the golden age of the Saviour-Messiah, exactly:

C] ((he concludes with an exhortation to the child, where you can imagine the reaction of the Christians!)):

"Cara deum soboles, magnum Iovis, incrementum! incipe - parve puer, risu cognoscere matrem".
VOCAB. deum=of the gods. incipe=begin. Iovis=of Jupiter. risu=with a smile.

First Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster

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