LVDVS DOMESTICVS: '02-'03.
$ The 'Latin fathers' of the Church, in the first eleven centuries, produced some of their best ideas and discourse and Latin while dealing with the Incarnation and Christmas reality. Here are a few of such texts which the modern church proposes for the reading and meditation of all each day of the advent and Christmas season.
A] AMBROSIVS MEDIOLANENSIS [339-397 post Chr.]:
"Exsultavit infans../..Exsultavit Ioannes, exsultavit et Mariae* spiritus. 'beata' inquit ((Elisabeth)) quae credidisti'. Sed et vos beati, qui audistis et credidistis. Quaecumque enim crediderit anima et concipit et generat Dei* Verbum et opera eius+ agnoscit. Sit in singulis Mariae* anima ut magnificet Dominum; sit in singulis spiritus Mariae* ut exsultet in Deo" [Expositio Ambrosii in Lucam: 11,19].
VOCAB. Dei* - Mariae*=of God, of Mary. sit=may there be, let there be, there should be. ut=so that, in order that+ subjunctive: ---'may...'. exsultare=to jump up, exsult.
- Even if in class this was not pointed out explicitly, there is a special force for the "ET" in 'et vos beati' which is found in your DICT. and which is not 'and' but ________.
There is also a special meaning-force to the two "ET" in l.3 : 'et concipit et generat' which is in your DICT. and does not simply mean 'and' but ________.
- When you know the Latin verb "credo,ere... to believe", then you immediately recognize in the 'crediderit' L.3, Time ________, meaning:
- Most normal people take that "inquit" l.2, to mean: 'he-she-it asks', but that form is 'inquirit'!!! This verb of Ambrose comes from your DICT. under "inquam"!!! meaning=
- What is the Latin and vernacular difference between the verbs often confused because of no knowledge of Latin!! between: "exalto,are"= ________ and "exsulto,are"= ________
- If "opera' [soon to come in class - after Christmas] is the plural of 'opus,operis-n.=work', then it may function as: ________ and here must have what function?
- If cousin Elizabeth is addressing Mary just having arrived for the birth of John the Baptist, then what verb must you imagine-insert-suppose with that: "beata ________" ?? and in the same way what verb is understood with: 'vos beati _________' ??
- In Latin: what different functions can the form 'quae' have [this has been asked already]
- If the verb is: "genero,generare,generavi,generatum=to generate,beget] then the form of Ambrose may look like it is Time ________, but in fact is Time ________. To what verb num. group does that verb belong? ________ from the principal parts given you must write out and identify - perhaps in mixed-up order - the other five Times of the indicative with the same subject as in "generat":=
Check your DICT. and first give the reversed of that 'agnoscit' ________ [N.B. how did you mark that particular form in your notes?] then give the other 5 Times with the same subject:=
- What meaning does your DICT. give for: 'qui+cumque,quae+cumque,quod+cumque'? ________ with what word does it agree here?
- What did Ludus 9 Tell you in anticipation about: "eius" ??
- If 'in singulis' is going to repeat the idea which we got from PIVS II in C] of Ludus 6, and if "magnificare" is later, bible Latin for: 'to magnify,praise,exalt', then you can render perfectly these famous words of Ambrose:
- By the way: your DICT. will give you the noun+adjective: "in+fans" meaning:=
- If the reversed of that 'Exsultavit' must be: ________ , then the reversed of that 'concipit' [N.B. "concipio - take as Gp.IV] must be:
And what Time do you see in 'concipit'? ________ and 'concepit'? ________
- According to instructions put into your best Latin the noted words of Clement C. Moore [1779-1863] "'Twas the night before Christmas, when all through the house, not a creature was stirring, not even a mouse".
VOCAB. 'twas=it was. Christmas: say the 'feast':festum,i-n. of Christ born=Christi nati. all: use 'totus,a,um=entire,the whole - agreeing with? ________ house: domus-fem. creature=creatura,ae-f. to stir: use [rarely!] 'moveo,movere'. not--even:ne...quidem.
-- N.B. if you found the word for "mouse" in your DICT., you will also find close by the word for a small-mouse which seems to appear in some parts of the body as a _________ or in the vernacular: ________ Latin is enough for life!!!!
B]BENARDVS CLARAVALLENSIS [1090-1135 post Chr.]:
'Ecce pax non promissa sed missa, non dilata sed data, non prophetata sed praesentata. Ecce quasi saccum plenum misericordia sua Deus Pater misit in terram../..Postquam enim venit plenitudo *temporis, venit et plenitudo *divinitatis../..Ubi enim Dei* innotescit humanitas, iam benignitas latere non potest../..Quid tantopere+ declarat eius misericordiam &quam quod& ipsam suscepit miseriam? magna plane% et manifesta benignitas Dei* et humanitas! et magnum benignitatis* indicium declaravit, qui humanitati addere nomen Dei* curavit" [Sermo I in Epiphania Domini].
VOCAB. lateo,latere=to lie hidden. misericordia sua [l.2]=with-by his mercy. *all words: = of____. +tantopere=so much, to such-a-degree. &quam quod&=then that. ipsam=itself. %plane=absolutely. $humanitati=to human-nature,humanity. curo,are=to take care, see to it.
- When beginners see words like: 'humanitas-benignitas', they may-should calculate what function-case-form? BUT if those words are found just like that in DICT. they must be: ________ [of another noun group soon to come in class].
- From the verbs: 'promittere=to promise; mittere=to send; differre=to postpone; dare=to give; prophetare=to prophesize; praesentare=to make present - the forms here must mean=
- Be courageous - you can do it for Christmas!
First Experience Latin - Fr. Reginald Foster
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